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Archive of posts published in the category: languages

Programming Languages InfoQ Trends Report

Key Takeaways

  • Elixir has entered the trend report at the innovator adoption phase. It is a functional, concurrent, general-purpose programming language that runs on the Erlang virtual machine.
  • We are seeing increased interest and innovation related to infrastructure-aware or cloud-specific languages, DSLs, and SDKs like Ballerina and Pulumi.
  • We believe that Rust has moved from the innovator to early adopter phase, driven largely by its uptake within the infrastructure and networking data plane space—for example, Habitat and Linkerd 2.0.
  • Python is continuing to gain in popularity, largely thanks to its roles within data science and teaching.
  • Swift for iOS development has moved to early majority, primarily because of the popularity of iOS as a mobile application runtime. Kotlin, although tracked separately in the JVM trend report, has seen similar movement to early majority in relation to Android app development.
  • For .NET we see a lot
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The best programming languages to learn in 2020

These are the best programming languages to learn to land a great developer job and to earn more money. Also, find out developers’ favorite tools, free resources for coders, GitHub guides, and more.

Freelance programmer or developer working at home and typing source code with laptop

Image: iStockphoto/comzeal

While not every programmer may follow the oft-repeated advice to learn at least one new programming language each year, most developers will continue to build their skills throughout their career. Many programmers find their job requires them to periodically brush up on new programming languages and their dialects, software frameworks, and tools. Knowing what to learn and when can be difficult, particularly when new software frameworks and tools are created every day.

Must-read developer content

For an existing programmer, the trigger for learning a new language might be a particular problem that needs solving, the requirement to take over someone else’s code, or just curiosity about a new programming language generating buzz. For beginner programmers,

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Programming Languages | Department of Computer Science

The programming languages research group at Cornell includes eight faculty and over two dozen Ph.D. students. We are proud of both our breadth and depth in this core discipline. Cornell has been known from the beginning for its research in programming languages. We have made foundational contributions to type theory, automated theorem proving, and language semantics. A more recent theme has been language-based solutions to important problems such as computer security, networking, and distributed programming. Cornell researchers have also contributed to language implementation, program analysis and optimization, domain-specific languages, and software engineering.

See the PL group’s site for news and a full list of people involved in PL research.


Robert Constable Robert Constable researches programming languages and formal methods in the context of type theory. The Nuprl proof assistant, developed by Constable and his group, is a dependently-typed language that can be used to describe distributed computing, as a formal specification

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Top 7 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020


With the help of programming languages, one can develop applications, make better UI, develop websites, design websites and much more. Overall, they enhance the user experience to a greater extent. Ultimately, programming languages have changed the whole IT sector. 

A programming language is generally a set of instructions that are provided to perform a specific task. Different programming languages perform different functions like web development, web designing, mobile application development, game development, etc. There are more than 700 programming languages in the market and still, there are new languages coming.

In between all this, there is a common question in everyone’s mind, ‘Which is the best programming language to learn?

Here, we have listed the best programming languages one should learn that are currently in demand. We have included the programming languages keeping in mind its functionality, difficulty level, and current scope.

#1 Python

python programming

Python was developed in

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A comparison of three programming languages for a full-fledged next-generation sequencing tool | BMC Bioinformatics

The sequence alignment/map format (SAM/BAM) [1] is the de facto standard in the bioinformatics community for storing mapped sequencing data. There exists a large body of work on tools for processing SAM/BAM files for analysis [1–15]. The SAMtools [1], Picard [2], and Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK) [3] software packages developed by the Broad and Sanger institutes are considered to be reference implementations for many operations on SAM/BAM files, examples of which include sorting reads, marking polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and optical duplicates, recalibrating base quality scores, indel realignment, and various filtering options, which typically precede variant calling. Many alternative software packages [4–10, 12, 14, 15] focus on optimizing the computations of these operations, either by providing alternative algorithms, or by using parallelization, distribution, or other optimization techniques specific to their implementation language, which is often C, C++, or Java.

We have developed elPrep [8, 16], an open-source, multi-threaded framework for

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5 Best Programming Languages to Learn During COVID-19 Lockdown

Thanks to COVID-19, you’re trapped inside. It’s a stressful time… but it’s also an opportunity to learn some new stuff, including any programming languages you’ve had your eye on.  

For many developers and technologists, learning a new programming language is often a self-directed effort, based largely on playing around with code until you’ve absorbed the fundamentals. But if you’re the kind of developer who needs lessons and a more structured environment in which to learn, check out websites such as Codeacademy,, and Codewars, all of which offer coding courses for free.

If you want something a bit more intensive (along with lessons that focus on the more advanced aspects of computer science), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has created the OpenCourseWare (OCW) initiative, which features all of the study materials for MIT undergraduate and graduate-level courses. 

While there are dozens of programming languages to learn, the following five are

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Programming languages: Python and Java VS Code extensions get these new updates

Microsoft has released the March update for its popular Python extension for Visual Studio Code (VS Code), its widely used cross-platform code editor. It’s also released an update for Java on VS Code with support for the IDE extension, SonarLint.   

The most notable change in the Python for VS Code update is a new Microsoft-built Python debugger called debugpy, an implementation of the Debug Adapter Protocol for Python. The tool allows developers to debug script files and modules from the command line, as well as enable debugger logging. 

Until now, VS Code had built-in debugging support for JavaScript, TypeScript, Node.js, and so on, while extensions from the VS Code marketplace enabled support for other languages like Python, Go, C# and C++. 

Microsoft has also made it easier to attach dpbugpy to processes running on the user’s machine. 

SEE: How to build a successful developer career (free PDF)

“Sometimes you may

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Robotics Programming: Essential Coding Languages To Learn

Before we start exploring this fascinating field, it is important to get an overview of robotics programming and give ideas to the newbies as well.

The reason why robotics is growing so rapidly is quite explicit. It happens to be a mixture of all the top fields, including computer science, engineering, bioengineering, mechatronics, AI, nanotechnology, and some others.

The term “robotics” simply refers to the study of robots. These are machines designed to work in human capacity and execute some very specific tasks. Before, robots were unable to make decisions as their program was just to perform binary operations. But now, they are brimming with Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and whatnot. They may be able to analyze the scenario, take appropriate decisions, learn from the outcome, and then make even better choices in the future.


Why Robotics Programming Is A Lucrative Field

These days, the competition is quite strong. People

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Programming Languages @ Penn

Programming Languages @ Penn

The programming languages group at the University of Pennsylvania has been a hub for understanding the essence of computation. Research topics include type theory, functional programming, formal verification, and logic.

Keep in Touch

Check out [plclub] resources and tools on


Related Groups at Penn

PLClub Discussion Group

We meet on Fridays, 12 – 1:30pm at Levine 307.

  1. Talk about PLClub! Anyone is welcome.
  2. If it’s your first semester at PLClub, you have to PL.
  3. Lunch starts at 12:15pm.
  4. Talks start at 12:30pm.
  5. Talks go on as long as they have to, or until 1:30pm.

People of PLClub



Yannick Zakowski

Ph.D. Students


  • Kihong Heo – Postdoc, 2019. KAIST
  • Joachim Breitner – Postdoc, 2019. DFINITY
  • Brian Heath – Masters, 2019. Tortuga
  • Woosuk Lee – Postdoc, 2018. Hanyang Univ.
  • Robert Rand – Ph.D., 2018. Postdoc, UMD
  • Richard Zhang – Masters, 2018.
  • Nimit Singhania – Ph.D.,
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Types and Differences between Programming Languages

Different Programming Languages

Different Programming Languages

Nowadays, there are numerous programming languages are becoming more general and all-purpose, but these languages have their specialties, and each language has its own advantages and  disadvantages. Usually, programming languages can be classified into a few types, however,  these languages support multiple programming style. Every year there are a number of programming languages are implemented, but few languages are becoming very popular which may used by a professional programmer in their career.

Programming languages are used to control the performance of the computer or machine. At present, computer programmer has many choices to choose the language, but there are many differences between programming languages. So, this article gives a brief information regarding what are the different types of programming languages, differences between programming languages and types of programming languages in useful ways.

What is Programming Language?

A programming language is a notation designed to connect instructions to

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