Nearly all American children now have access to the Internet. Internet technology affords children access to vast amounts of valuable information and endless sources of entertainment. However, it also exposes children to certain dangers. For example, children may come into contact with demeaning, racist, sexist, violent, hateful or false information. They may also view pornographic web sites, SPAM (unsolicited emails) containing obscene material, file swapping programs with inappropriate and sometimes mislabeled content, and other types of material potentially inappropriate for a child. Most worrisome, children may encounter actual predators that use the Internet to identify and lure victims through chat rooms, instant messaging facilities, and social networking sites.
As a result, some parents may understandably feel the urge to eliminate these risks by prohibiting their children from using the Internet. However, this decision would deprive them of access to an amazing resource for legitimate information and communication. Furthermore, parents might