A computer is an electronic machine that processes data. Information given to the computer is called data. Computer works very fast. It saves your time and energy. It does not make mistakes. It can remember a lot of things. The basic parts of a computer are shown in the picture given here.
These parts of the Computer and some other devices are connected together with the help of wires and cables.
The basic parts of a computer system are:
- CPU (Central Processing Unit)
Let us find out about some more devices that can be connected to a computer.
Devices that help us put data into the computer are called input devices. They help in giving instructions to the computer. Let us learn about a few input devices.
The keyboard is used for entering data into the computer system. It can type words, numbers and symbols. More information of computer keyboard Click here.
The mouse is a pointing device. You can give input to the computer with the help of the mouse. More information of computer mouse
A joystick makes computer games a lot more fun. When it is moved, it passes information to the computer.
A microphone is the mike that can be attached to a computer. It allows you to input sounds like speech and songs into the computer. You can record your voice with the help of a microphone.
A web camera is used to take live photos videos. You can save them in the computer.
A Scanner Copies pictures and pages, and turns them into images that can be saved on a computer.
All the inputs are stored, sorted, arranged and changed by a computer. The device that helps a computer do so is called the processing device. The processing device in a computer is known as Central Processing Unit (CPU).
The parts of a computer that help us to show the results of processing are called out devices. Let us learn about a few output devices.
A monitor looks like a TV screen. It shows whatever you type on the keyboard or draw with the mouse.
A printer prints the results of your work from the computer screen on a sheet of paper. This is called a printout.
The speakers are the output devices that produce different types of sounds processed by the computer. You can listen to songs or speeches stored in the computer with the help of speakers.
You can listen to music or any sound from a computer with the help of headphones without disturbing others.
The parts of a computer which are used for storing data are called. Storing data are called storage devices. They help in storing any work done on a computer permanently. Let us learn about a few storage devices.
Inside the CPU there is a hard disk. It is made up of one or more metallic disks. It stores a large amount of information.
A floppy disk stores small amounts small amounts of information. It works when it is inserted into the floppy drive. The floppy drive is fixed in the CPU.
Compact Disc (CD):
A CD stores many times more information than a floppy disk. It works when it is inserted into the CD drive. The CD drive is fixed in the CPU. Note: Not handling the CD properly may result in loss of data stored.
All computer parts Glossary :
Compact disc: It stores information many times more than a floppy disk.
CPU: The processing device in a computer.
Data: It is the information given to the computer.
Electronic machine: It is the machine that runs with the help of electricity.
Floppy disk: It stores a small amount of information.
Hard disk: It stores a large amount of information.
Headphones: The device for listening to the recorded sounds without disturbing others.
Input devices: These help us put date into the computer.
Joystick: It is used for playing computer games.
Keyboard: This is used to enter data into the computer system.
Microphone: It is used for recording sound.
Monitor: It shows whatever you type on the keyboard or draw with the mouse.
Mouse: It is pointing device.
Output devices: These help us to show the results of processing.
Processing device: Helps to store, sort, arrange and change the inputs on a computer.
Scanner: It copies pictures and pages and turns into images that can be saved on a computer.
Speakers: These are used for listening to recorded sound.
Storage devices: These are form the memory of the computer.
Wed camera: It is used for taking live photos and videos.